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What Is Punctuation? Lesson No 2 Basic English Learning Ielts Exams Preparation


What Is Punctuation? Lesson No 2 Basic English Learning Ielts Exams Preparation

5.We use full stop to end our conversation or when we want to shorten the words like M.N.A (member of national assembly)

6-We use comma for pause as
(i)Rich and poor,High and low,, wise and foolish, must all die.

To mark off words used in addressing people
Go to your home,Deepak.
How are you, Deepak?
After a Nominative Absolute; as,
Finally,He came to me.
The weather being hot,the worker worked.

(iv) To separate a series of words in the same construction; as,

They won the match,fame and all what they need.
They did everything neatly and quickly.
Note:- A comma is generally not placed before the word preceded by and.

(v)Before and after words, phrases, or clauses, let into the body of a sentence; as,

Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between thee and me.

His attitude,to say the last,is very impressive.
He did not ,anyhow,get anything.

(vi) To mark off two or more Adverbial or Adverbs phrases coming together ; as,
At last,after hard working ,they succeeded.

(vii) To mark off a Noun or Phrase in Apposition ; as,

Shakira,the head,was down in front of me.
Healdon,the prime ministor of India,was dead after two days.

(viii) To indicate the omission of a word, especially a verb; as,
Lifza got a new pen;Jani,a pot.
They were sheikh;she,a Mughal.
They will fail;she,never.

(ix) To separate a Noun clause-whether subject or object preceding the verb; as,
The question is,how they would get it there/
Whatever is, is wrong.
That they would fail in their promise,i doubted this.

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(xiv) To mark off a direct quotation from the rest of the sentence; as,
"Finally so,” said She.
They said to their lovers, "Feel and Enjoy.”

(x) provided that the phrase might be expanded into
a sentence,before and after a Participial phrase, and is not used in a merely qualifying sense; as,

Shakira,having failed in exams,came back to Londan.

(xi) To separate short co-ordinate clauses of a Compound sentence; as,
She came, I saw, she left.
The road was best,weather was hot.
Hot weather befell, and the rains were there.
The rains descended, and the floods came.

(xii) Before certain co-ordinative conjunctions; as,

To behave thus is not courage, but nothing.

(xiii) When the Adjective clause is restrictive in meaning the comma should not be applied; as,

The rains which flooded they remember yet.
This is my room that They built.

(xiv) To separate an Adverbial clause from its Principal clause; as,

When they were young,they behaved nicely.
If you want to be young,try to be happy.

(xv) To separate from the verb a long Subject opening a sentence; as,

The false proof of lying to him,is now visible to all of them.

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