The Ajective Role In English Grammar Ielts Exams Preparation
POSITION OF ADJECTIVES
An Adjective used attributively is generally placed immediately before the noun as He is little man.
Read the following sentences :-
- They gave me 10 mangoes. (How many mangoes?)
- There is little time for preparation. (How much time ?)
- Girl is very clever (Girl of what kind1?)
- He is perfect man (Which man ?)
Descriptive Adjective or Adjectives of Quality
He has lost all his wealth.
I ate some rice.
He showed much patience.
He has little intelligence.
He claimed his half share of the booty.
There has not been sufficient rain this year.
The whole sum was expended.
We have had enough exercise.
Numeral Adjectives or Adjectives of Number
There are several mistakes in your exercise
They have taught you many things.
All men must die.
Here are many ripe mangoes.
Most boys like cricket.
Adjectives of Number or Adjectives of Quantity
You have no sense.
There are no pictures in this book.
I have enough sugar.
They did not eat any rice.
Are there any mango-trees in this garden?
There are not enough spoons.
Examples of demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or thing is meant; as,
Those rascals must be punished.
These mangoes are sour.
Yours fort once belonged to him.
Choose all adjectives given in sentences.
- A live ass is better than a dead lion,
- Every man has his duties.
- Say the same thing twice over.
- Several persons were present at the time,
- The way was long, the wind was cold, the minstrel was infirm and old.+
- He is a man of few words.
- Neither party is quite in the right.
- What time is if?
- Which pen do you prefer?
Formation of Adjectives
We can form adjective from common noun like Venture — venturesome. Many Adjectives are formed from Nouns.
- Courage — courageous
- Trouble — troublesome
- Glory — glorious+
- Shame — shameless
- Envy — envious
- Boy — boyish
- Outrage — outrageous
- Sense — senseless
- Man — manly
- Silk — silken
- King — kingly
- Gold — golden
- Fool — foolish
- Dirt — dirty
- Storm — stormy
- Care — careful
- Pardon — pardonable
- Play — playful
- Laugh — laughable
- Hope — hopeful
Some Adjectives are formed from other Adjectives.
Adjective — Adjective
- Black blackish
- Tragic tragical
- Whole wholesome
- White whitish
- Three threefold
- Sick sickly
Adjectives can be formed from verbs like
- Talk talkative
- Tire tireless
- Cease ceaseless
What is comparison adjectives : comparison adjectives are used to describe one and compare two or more things between.
The superlative adjective degree always carry with the in the beginning like the kindest,the greatest etc.
What is irregular adjective
The following Adjectives are compared irregularly, that is, their Comparative and
Superlative are not formed from the Positive.
Positive — Comparative — Superlative
Much — more — most (quantity)
Many — more — most (number)
Late — later, latter — latest, last
Old — older, elder — oldest, eldest
Far — farther — farthest
(Nigh) — (nigher) — (nighest), next
(Fore) — (former) — foremost, first
Good, well — better — best
Bad, evil, ill — worse — worst
(Fore) — further — furthest
(In) — inner — inmost, innermost
(Up) — upper — upmost, uppermost
(Out) — outer, (utter) — utmost, uttermost
Little — less, lesser — least
Interchange of the Degrees of Comparison
How we can change degrees in adjective comparison,there are given sentences as for below :
Superlative – Dil Jally is the best drama in Islamic History.
Comparative – Dil Jally is better than any other drama in Islamic History.
Positive – No other drama in Islamic History is so good as Dil Jally.