Hyperbole,Euphemism,Pun,Metonymy And Synecdoche English Poetry Grammar Lesson 3
Hyperbole, Euphemism, Pun, Metonymy And Synecdoche English Poetry Grammar Lesson 3
Figures of Speech can be classified as under Hyperbole, Euphemism, Pun, Metonymy And Synecdoche
9- Hyperbole: In Hyperbole, a statement is made emphatic by overstatement.
Examples Of Hyperbole:
(i) O Hamlet ! thou hast cleft my heart in twain.
(ii) Here’s the feeling of love still; all France’s perfumes will not sweeten this little hand.
(iii)Why, boy, if the river were dry, I can fill it with tears.
10- Euphemism: Euphemism consists of the description of a disagreeable thing by an agreeable name.
Examples Of Euphemism
(i). You are telling me a fairy tale (i.e., a lie).
(ii) He has fallen asleep (i.e., he is dead).
11- Pun: A Pun consists of using a word so that it is capable of more than one application, the object being to produce a ludicrous effect.
Examples Of Pun :
(i). Liza is an honest man who lies abroad for the good of his country.
(ii) Is life worth living?-It depends upon the liver.
12- Metonymy: In Metonymy (literally, a change of name) an object is designated by the name of something generally associated with it.
Examples Of Metonymy:
(i) The laurel, for success.
(ii) The House, for the members of Local Government.
(iii) The Bench, for the judges.
Since there are many kinds of association between objects, there are several varieties of Metonymy.
Thus a Metonymy may result from the use of:
(i) From the cradle to the grave (i.e., from infancy to death).
(ii) The sign for the person or thing symbolized; as,
(iii). You must address the chair (i.e., the chairman).
13- Synecdoche: In Synecdoche, a part is used to designate the whole or the whole to designate a part.
Examples Of Synecdoche:
(i) The whole used to designate a part; as,
England (i.e., the English cricket eleven) won the first test match against Australia.
(ii) A part used to designate the whole; as,
1-A fleet of fifty sail (i.e., ships) left the harbour.
2-All the best brains in Europe could not solve the problem.
3-He has many mouths to feed.
4-Give us this day our daily bread (i.e., food),
5-All hands (i.e., crew) to the pumps.
6-Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.