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English Suffixes English Vocabulary Words English Learning

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English Suffixes English Vocabulary Words English Learning

Nouns

1- Denoting agent or doer

Words ending with ster ; spinster, punster, songster.
Words ending with ter (-ther) ; daughter, father.
Words ending with er (-ar, -or, -yer); painter, baker, beggar, sailor, lawyer.

2- Verbs

Words ending with se, to make ; cleanse, rinse.
Words ending with er, intensive or frequentative: chatter, glitter, glimmer, fritter, flutter.
Words ending with en, causative, forming transitive verbs; weaken, sweeten, gladden, deaden, strengthen.

3- Adverbs

Words ending with way, (-ways); straightway, anyway, always.
Words ending with wise, manner, mode ; likewise, otherwise.
Words ending with ly, like ; boldly, wisely.
Words ending with long, headlong, sidelong.
Words ending with ward, (-wards), turning to; homeward, backwards, upwards.

Note: We still feel the force of a few English suffixes. These are:

Words ending with ness, ship, th, indicating abstract nouns ; as, loveliness, friendship, truth.
Words ending with kin. ling, diminutives, as. lambkin, vearling.
Words ending with er, denoting the actor or agent; as driver.
Words ending with hood, indicating rank or condition ; as, boyhood
Words ending with en, ful, ish, less, ly, some, ward, y, adjective and adverb, endings ; as, golden, hopeful,
oldish, helpless, manly, lonesome, homeward, mighty.

Latin Suffixes OF Nouns

4-Denoting chiefly the agent or doer of a thing.

Words ending with ate (-ee, -ey, -y) ; advocate, trustee, attorney, deputy.
Words ending with or, (-our, -eur, -er); emperor, saviour, amateur, inteipreter.
Words ending with ain (-an, -en, -on) ; chieftain, artisan, citizen, surgeon.
Words ending with air, (-er, -eer, -ier, -ary ); scholar, preacher, engineer, financier, missionary.

5- Denoting state, action, result of an action.

Words ending with ent ; punishment, judgement, improvement.
Words ending with mony ; parsimony, matrimony, testimony.
Words ending with tude ; servitude, fortitude, magnitude.
Words ending with ty ; cruelty, frailty, credulity.
Words ending with ure ; pleasure, forfeiture, verdure.
Words ending with y ; misery, victory.
Words ending with age; bondage, marriage, breakage, leakage.
Words ending with ance (-ence); abundance, brilliance, assistance, excellence, innocence.
Words ending with cy; fancy, accuracy, lunacy, bankruptcy.
Words ending with ion; action, opinion, union.
Words ending with ice (-ise) ; service, cowardice, exercise.

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